1994 Nissan Maxima
The Nissan Maxima is a full-size car (previously mid-size) manufactured by Nissan and sold primarily in North America, the Middle East, and China. Making its sales debut in 1981 for the 1982 model year as the Datsun Maxima, it replaced the earlier Datsun 810. The name “Maxima” dates back to 1980 for the 1981 model year when the upscale 810 sold as the “810 Maxima” in North America. Like the 810, early versions of the Maxima had their origins in the Datsun/Nissan Bluebird. The Datsun brand was phased out in favor of Nissan in 1983 for the 1984 model year, thus becoming the Nissan Maxima.
1994 Nissan Maxima
Yearly Updates 1991 Maxima Equipment changes include redesigned outside mirrors and black instead of charcoal, for the optional leather upholstery. 1992 Maxima An optional driver-side airbag and a more powerful engine for the sporty SE model are the major changes for Nissan’s front-drive flagship model. Now standard on the SE is a new double-overhead-cam, 24-valve, 190-horsepower 3.0-liter V6. The optional airbag retains the tilt steering wheel. And antilock brakes, previously optional only on the SE, can be ordered on both models for 1992. Minor appearance changes this year include a freshening of the front grille and taillamps. 1993 Maxima The driver-side airbag becomes standard for 1993. The change coincides with the addition of built-in safety belts for an optional rear child-safety seat. 1994 Maxima With a new Maxima looming on the horizon for 1995, Nissan provides few changes to the 1994 Maxima, which begins its sixth year in its present form.
1994 Nissan Maxima
The first car to wear the Maxima name, the second generation Datsun 810, was introduced in 1980 for the 1981 model year. It was essentially a Japanese-market Datsun Bluebird with a 3.9 in (99 mm) longer nose to accommodate the inline-six engine. This model replaced the Datsun 810 (first generation). The second generation Datsun 810 was not sold in Japan, only in North America as the more basic Datsun 810 Deluxe and the fully equipped 810 Maxima. Both were available with either sedan or wagon bodywork. In 1981 for the 1982 model year, all 810s were rebranded as Datsun Maxima. In 1983 for model year 1984, the last year of the first generation Maxima, North American Datsuns began carrying the “Nissan” badge as well. Only 1984 model year Nissans have both “Nissan” and “Datsun” badges on the back of the car, although earlier models had a “Datsun” badge with a tiny “by Nissan” section underneath.
1994 Nissan Maxima
Nissan Australia began importing the J30 series for a May 1990 release to replace the locally assembled Nissan Skyline (R31) sedan and station wagon. Powertrain comprised the 3.0-liter VG30E V6 rated at 122 kW (164 hp) and a four-speed automatic. Nissan made the Maxima available in two equipment grades, the M and Ti. The M featured air conditioning, alloy wheels, central locking, cruise control, power steering, and power windows. The Ti added a rear spoiler, climate control air conditioning, anti-lock brakes, electric seats and a PIN touch-pad locking system. The M-based LE of late 1991 featured a CD player and sunroof. There was also a leather/sunroof pack optional on Ti. Nissan Australia released a facelift in January 1993 that included a new grille insert, revised tail lamps, wheels and cabin trim. A driver airbag was now fitted to the Ti, and made optional on the new Executive trim that replaced M. The J30 in Australia was replaced in February 1995 by a new Maxima based on the Nissan Cefiro (A32).
1994 Nissan Maxima
It comes equipped with a revised version of the VQ35DE engine producing 290 hp (216 kW) and 261 lb·ft (354 N·m) of torque. A revised version of Nissan’s Xtronic CVT (Continuously variable transmission) with paddle shifting is the only transmission offered, with no manual or regular automatic available. A diesel version was expected to be released for the 2010 model year, although those plans were not realized. The new Maxima is offered in S and SV trims with several premium and technology packages available. The current Maxima’s design trades height and length for a sleeker styling, although the width has been increased slightly. The keyless ignition uses a push button to start and stop the engine. In the U.S., the seventh generation Maxima went on sale in late June 2008. The SkyView center glass was replaced by a retractable panoramic moonroof for A35 series Maxima.
1994 Nissan Maxima
The Maxima was redesigned in 1988 for the 1989 model year as the J30 series (not to be confused with the unrelated Infiniti J30) model. Bigger dimensions made it the second Japanese sedan sold in North America to qualify as a “mid-size” (after the Mazda 929). Nissan marketed this generation Maxima in North America a four-door sports car and even gave it a “4DSC” window decal showing this, and this generation was briefly sold in Japan, replacing the Nissan Leopard sedan at Nissan Bluebird Store locations. A refresh occurred in August 1991 for the 1992 model year (from July 1991 production), adding a driver’s side SRS airbag and the facelifted version was no longer offered in Japan.
This generation was used for the Infiniti I30 (a rebadged Nissan Cefiro). The 2001 Maxima had a special edition of the SE model which commemorates the 20th anniversary of this particular Nissan. In addition to the usual SE content, this car has the Infiniti I30’s engine, special side skirts (ground effects) all around the lower perimeter, and a few special touches to the interior. The last addition includes drilled metal “brushed metallic” pedals, a brushed metallic shifter, and stainless steel door sill plates that bear the name Nissan Maxima. The optional leather is perforated, unlike that in the regular SE. Finally, the “SE Comfort and Convenience Package” which includes a sunroof, 17-inch chrome wheels, and a few other things is standard.
With 190 horsepower on tap, the SE is a potent and sporty performer that matches up well when compared with higher-priced European models. Those preferring a touch of luxury will discover the GXE is also well worth considering. Maxima comes with a well-organized instrument panel and comfortable driving position. It provides the kind of poised front-drive handling and competent road manners that others have tried to emulate, coupled with a comfortable ride. With its softer suspension, the GXE leans a bit more in the turns than the firmer SE, but both models respond to steering inputs quickly and precisely. Especially worthy of praise is the twin-cam V6 that powers the SE model. It’s smoother, quieter, and feels stronger than engines offered by most of the Maxima’s rivals. It propels the Maxima SE to 60 mph in under 9.0 seconds with the manual transmission, while the GXE equipped with the mannerly 4-speed automatic performs the task in about 10.5 seconds. The interior has ample head room in front and back, plus enough leg room for tall people to stretch out comfortably. Our only complaints focus on the slow addition of airbags–dual airbags didn’t become standard until 1995.
In late 1986, the 1987 Maxima was introduced with a freshened exterior and interior. Automatic shoulder belts were now found on both the 1987 sedan and wagons built after February 1987. Luxury amenities were offered on both the “base” GL, later renamed GXE and SE trim levels. Such features for the GL/GXE included digital touch entry system on the driver and passenger side door panel, power windows, locks, antenna, power seats, remote trunk release, voice warning system, optional leather seating, optional heated front seats, an optional Electronics Pkg (a sedan exclusive, it included a digital instruments and a trip computer) and an optional power sunroof (sunroof was standard on Maxima wagons). 15-inch alloy wheels were standard for the Maxima.
For the first model year, the 810 Deluxe was the only version to receive the five-speed manual, while the luxurious 810 Maxima only came with a three-speed automatic. The Maxima’s introduction to North America followed the successful introduction of the Nissan S30, and used the same engine and transmission while offering luxurious accommodations and four doors. The sedans have independent rear suspension while the wagon has a leaf sprung live rear axle. The wagon also received rear drums rather than disc brakes.
In October 1996, the Maxima’s exterior was refreshed for 1997, with new five-spoke alloy wheels, plastic (clear-lens) headlights vs. the previous glass headlights, a slightly different front and rear fascia with new redesigned tail-lights, the rear-facing part of the trunk was smoothed out to match the tail-lights, re-designed fog-lights and badge designs, and a chrome grille insert for GLE’s (body color for SE models) was added. Among interior changes were a different steering wheel and CD player. Front seat-mounted side impact airbags were added as an option for 1998 and 1999 SE and GLE models. There were also structural modifications to improve crash worthiness for the 1997 to 1999 models. The 1999 Nissan Maxima also saw some minor changes: an Anti-Theft Engine Immobilizer was standard using a chip in the ignition key, as well as some minor body trims.
For 2003, there was a special package called the Titanium Edition with special wheels and interior treatment, as well as a Meridian Edition package which included heated seats and steering wheel (usually leather, although some were available with heated cloth), and a GPS navigation system. The Titanium Edition was available in all colors, but a new color was available only with the Titanium Edition (Polished Titanium). In Russia and Europe, the Maxima is being sold as Nissan Maxima QX.